What is a Cataract?
A cataract is formed when the normally clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy. This typically occurs as part of the aging process, but can also be associated with other conditions such as:
- Systemic disease (i.e. Diabetes)
- Congenital, inherited (present at birth)
- Secondary to trauma
- Certain medications (i.e. long term steroid use)
- Inflammatory eye conditions
Since the lens functions to focus light rays on the retina (acts like the film in a camera), when it becomes cloudy, the light rays cannot pass through easily and cannot be focused clearly. There is no pain involved with development of cataracts, but symptoms can include:
- Blurred vision
- Glare and/or difficulty with color perception
- Vision may be worse at night when there is less light.
Dr. Ballitch utilizes the latest techniques when performing surgery, and most often, this is done with topical anesthesia (drops to numb the eye), thus avoiding the need for an injection around the eye. Although each case is individualized and can vary from patient to patient, stitches and eye patches are generally not needed. This approach can reduce “induced” astigmatism, and may reduce discomfort experienced postoperatively. Options are available to reduce your dependency on glasses, such as premium intraocular (IOL) lenses which provide correction for distance and near ranges, and procedures that can correct astigmatism.
Laser Cataract Surgery
Advanced Eye Care Center is among the first in Ohio to offer customized laser cataract surgery using the LenSx® Laser
- Bladeless incision
- Computer guided accuracy
- Incomparable precision
- Correction of astigmatism
- Personalized surgical experience
LenSx® Laser offers an advanced, precision based technology integrating optical coherence topography (OCT) to capture incredibly precise, high resolution images of the eye which are then used to plan and perform surgery to exacting specifications not attainable with traditional surgery. Dr.Ballitch will consider many aspects of your eye health, general health, and lifestyle preferences when recommending a mode of cataract surgery.
Click Here to Learn More about Laser Cataract Surgery
Today’s options include multifocal IOLs, or lenses that allow more than one range of focus. These lenses allow many patients to function without glasses a majority of the time. Additionally, lenses to compensate for pre-existing astigmatism are now available. While not every patient is a good candidate for these new lens types, many patients are, and can benefit from the new technology that is available. Dr. Ballitch can assist you in making the best decision for your individual needs.
New Technology IOL (NTIOL)
Traditionally, mono-focal IOLs are used for cataract surgery. This lens is very effective at restoring visual functions at distance, but you will still require glasses to see at near. This lens option does not provide multiple ranges of vision. This lens type is typically covered by Medicare and commercial insurance.
This option is for those patients with corneal astigmatism (irregular shape of the cornea) prior to surgery. They are similar to monofocal lenses, and provide quality distance vision and less dependence on glasses. Most patients will still need glasses for near. This lens type is not typically covered by insurance.
This lens type is designed to replace the natural lens of your eye and correct for distance and near at the same time. The goal is to restore a full range of vision, near and distance, with ranges in between. This lens type is not typically covered by insurance.
During your consultation, Dr. Ballitch will discuss with you what IOL options are available for you. The decision to select a premium IOL is personal, and dependent on each patient’s situation. These types of lenses may involve additional expense, and are generally not covered by your insurance plan.