Cataract is the leading cause of vision loss in adults over the age of 55, and cataract surgery is one of the most frequently performed surgeries in the United States. Advances in technology have made this procedure one of the safest and most effective surgeries available.
Dr. Ballitch utilizes the latest techniques when performing surgery, and most often, this is done with topical anesthesia (drops to numb the eye), thus avoiding the need for an injection around the eye. Although each case is individualized and can vary from patient to patient, stitches and eye patches are generally not needed. This approach can reduce “induced” astigmatism, and may reduce discomfort experienced postoperatively. Options are available to reduce your dependency on glasses, such as premium intraocular (IOL) lenses which provide correction for distance and near ranges, and procedures that can correct astigmatism.
What is a Cataract?
A cataract is formed when the normally clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy. This typically occurs as part of the aging process, but can also be associated with other conditions such as:
- Systemic disease (i.e. Diabetes)
- Congenital, inherited (present at birth)
- Secondary to trauma
- Certain medications (i.e. long term steroid use)
- Inflammatory eye conditions
Since the lens functions to focus light rays on the retina (acts like the film in a camera), when it becomes cloudy, the light rays cannot pass through easily and cannot be focused clearly. There is no pain involved with development of cataracts, but symptoms can include:
- Blurred vision
- Glare and/or difficulty with color perception
- Vision may be worse at night when there is less light.